In this session, let us discuss about Edward R Murrow on who was he and what he was.
So, Who was Edward R Murrow
Edward Egbert Roscoe Murrow was a TV and radio broadcaster and considered the most prominent and revered person in American broadcast journalism throughout its early years.
Following World War II, he rose to fame with a sequence of live radio programs from Europe for CBS’s news department.
During the war, Murrow assembled a group of war reporters identified as the Murrow Boys, with whom he collaborated constantly.
Murrow made a series of broadcasts for his TV show See It Now that contributed to Senator Joseph McCarthy’s condemnation.
He is regarded as being among journalism’s finest personalities by other journalists Dan Rather, Ed Bliss, Eric Sevareid, Bill Downs, and Alexander Kendrick, who praise his sincerity in reporting the news.
Egbert Roscoe Murrow was born on April 25, 1908, in Polecat Creek, North Carolina, but brought up in Washington state before becoming the most well-known TV and radio journalist of the twentieth century.
Murrow worked on a surveying team in the vicinity during his holiday breaks.
He decided to study speech and international relations, political science, from Washington State University.
He even modified his initial title to Edward while he was studying.
Murrow led the National Student Federation for about 2 years following graduation in 1930.
In 1930, Murray switched employment and began working for the International Institute of Education.
He organized seminars and speeches both at home and around the world as the assistant director.
In addition, the group assisted in the immigration of Jewish intellectuals from Germany to the U.s.
What was true about journalists like Edward R. Murrow?
We can relate to the title by picking out his unforgettable work:
Work at CBS
Murrow entered CBS in 1935 as director for discussions and education and stayed with the company throughout his career.
Except for broadcaster Bob Trout, CBS had no news team when Murrow arrived.
Murrow’s duty was to put together a schedule of news makers who’d come on the channel to discuss current events.
However, Trout’s on-air presentation piqued Murrow’s interest, and Trout provided Murrow with advice about how to speak successfully on the broadcast.
In 1937, Murrow moved to London to become the head of CBS’s European division.
His role did hardly entail on-air coverage; instead, he was tasked with encouraging European personalities to appear on the CBS platform, which competed directly against NBC’s two radio stations.
Murrow came to Europe that was on the edge of collapse.
Adolf Hitler concocted the political union (Anschluss) of Germany and Austria less than a year after his accession. Just the British Isles stood against the Nazi onslaught by fall 1940.
Murrow had been a spectator during World War II, relaying the tale on the street in London and visiting the Buchenwald concentration center
Throughout this period, he traveled extensively across Europe. Murrow recruited journalist William L. Shirer in 1937 and placed him in an identical position in Europe.
The “Murrow Boys” squad of war correspondents was formed at this time.
During the American anticommunist frenzy of the initial 1950s Murrow was a significant advocate for the open and unfiltered broadcast of news.
In 1954, he published a critical expose of Senator Joseph McCarthy’s questionable techniques, which rose to notoriety as a result of his extravagant claims of communist influence on US government institutions.
Murrow additionally created television shows such as Person to Person (1953–60) and others.
President John F. Kennedy designated him head of the United States Information Agency in 1961.
McCarthyism was exposed to the public thanks to Murrow.
See It Now presented a broadcast revealing McCarthy’s falsehoods a month just after the show began. It aired the controversial “Report on Senator Joseph R. McCarthy” in March 1954, which extensively chastised McCarthy & his actions.
McCarthy was censured by his Senate companions in December 1954.
McCarthy’s collapse wasn’t prompted by See It Now, however the television news channel that Murrow devised was crucial in revealing his ideas to the audience.
Murrow received nine Emmy honors throughout his profession Some scholars and historians argue that See It Now bowed to commercialization rather than criticism.
In a 1958 address, Murrow expressed the program’s downfall, saying, “television in the majority is being used to distract, delude, amuse, and insulate us.”
Murrow had been a lifelong chain smoker who wasn’t ever spotted without his signature Camel cigarette.
He averaged around sixty to sixty-five cigarettes per day, or approximately 3 cartons, according to reports.
The first TV show to air a segment on the link between smoking and cancer is See It Now.
“I doubt I could go a half-hour without a smoke with any comfort or ease,” Murrow remarked on the program. He had lung cancer and survived for 2 years after having his left lung removed.
Murrow died 2 days after he turned 57, at his residence in Pawling, New York.
“He was a shooting star, and we will live in his afterglow for a very long time,” his partner and pal Eric Sevareid remarked of him. A tribute show aired on CBS, featuring the rare on-camera presence by William S. Paley, the company’s founder.
Hope you got a clear picture of Edward R Murrow & also what was true about journalists like Edward R. Murrow?