WWII Journalists

Ruth Gruber

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By Claire Ward Journalist’s name: Ruth Gruber Years of birth/death: Sept. 30, 1911 (101 years old) Nationality: American (born in “a shtetl—a shtetl called Williamsburg—in Brooklyn” New York) Places where the journalist lived: USA, Germany Short depiction of journalism work: Ruth Gruber is a journalist, photographer, writer, humanitarian and a former special assistant to the [...]


Margaret Bourke-White

Self-Portrait, 1943
Margaret Bourke-White

By Beth Cortez-Neavel Journalists name: Margaret Bourke-White Years of birth/death: June 14, 1904 to August 27, 1971 Nationality: American Places where she lived and worked: America, Russia, Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Georgia, North Africa, Italy, India, Pakistan Short description of her work: Bourke-White was the first woman to photograph inside U.S. factories, the first female correspondent [...]


Martha Gellhorn

Martha Gellhorn

By Valerie Hopkins Journalist’s name: Martha Gellhorn Years of birth/death: 1908 – 1999 Nationality: U.S. Places where the journalist lived: St. Louis, Paris, Madrid, London Short depiction of journalism work: Martha Gellhorn arrived in Madrid in 1937 to report on the Spanish Civil War with fifty dollars in the pockets of her khakis. At 29, [...]


S. Miles Bouton

S. Miles Bouton

By Toby Salinger Journalist’s Name: S. Miles Bouton Years of birth/death: 1876-1963 Nationality: American Places where the journalist lived: Niobe & Jamestown, NY, Berlin, Stockholm, Moscow Short Description of Journalistic Work:  A law school graduate, Bouton was a latecomer to journalism. Yet he won an assignment to work as an AP reporter in Berlin in 1911 and [...]


Ettore Ovazza

Ettore Ovazza (right).

By Bogdan Mohora Journalist’s name: Ettore Ovazza Years of birth/death: March 21, 1892 – Oct. 11, 1943 Nationality: Italian Places where the journalist lived: Turin, Italy Short description of journalism work: Ovazza was a Jewish-Italian publisher, writer and committed fascist from Turin, Italy. He founded “La Nostra Bandiera (Our Flag), a Jewish-fascist newspaper, in 1934 in [...]


Frederick Birchall

FrederickBirchall2

By Abhijit Mazumdar Journalist’s Name: Frederick Birchall Years of birth/death: 1871-1955 Nationality: U.S. Places where the journalist lived: U.K., U.S., Germany, Canada, India Short description of his journalism work: Birchall was born in the U.K., where he worked as a reporter for several British newspapers, including the Pall Mall Gazette. After emigrating to the United States in [...]


Louis Lochner

Photo by Claire Ward.

By Harman Boparai Journalist’s name: Louis Lochner Years of birth/death: 1887-1975 Nationality: American citizen Places where the journalist lived: Berlin, Milwaukee, Wiesbaden Short description of journalism work: Louis Lochner was an American journalist and author who served for many years as head of the Berlin bureau of the Associated Press. He is best remembered for his work [...]


Sigrid Schultz

Sigrid Schultz.

By Anna Silman Journalist’s name: Sigrid Schultz Years of birth/death: 1893-1980 Nationality: U.S. Places where the journalist lived: Chicago, Paris, Berlin Short description of journalism work: Sigrid Schultz was a print and radio reporter who reported on the rise of the Nazi regime from within Berlin throughout the 1920s and 1930s. She was born in [...]


Julien Bryan

Julien Bryan

By Gosia Głouszek Journalist: Julien Bryan Birth: May 23, 1899 Birthplace: Titusville, Pennsylvania Short description of journalistic work: Julien Bryan was an American photographer and filmmaker. In the 1930s he devoted himself to documentary movies and joined “The March of Time.” He is best known for documenting daily life in Poland, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany between [...]


Noah Kliger

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By Kelly Moffitt Journalist: Noah Kliger Birth: July 13, 1926 Birthplace: Strasbourg, France Short description of journalistic work: Noah Kliger, a Holocaust survivor, became a journalist after he was liberated from a Nazi concentration camp. After working in Belgium and France for three years, Kliger fought in Israel’s war for independence and immigrated to Israel as part of the [...]


Edward R. Murrow

Edward R. Murrow. Photo courtesy of RR Auction

By Anna Boiko-Weyrauch Journalist’s Name: Edward R. Murrow Years of birth/death: 1908 to 1965 Nationality: U.S. Places where the journalist lived: London and New York Short description of journalism work: Edward R. Murrow is credited with founding modern radio journalism as CBS’s first European news director, beginning in 1937. At a time when his job duties [...]


Edgar Ansel Mowrer

Edgar Ansel Mowrer

By Allison Griner Journalist’s name: Edgar Ansel Mowrer Years of birth/death: 1892-1977 Nationality: U.S. Places where the journalist lived: Paris, Rome, Berlin Short description of journalism work: Edgar Mowrer was a foreign correspondent for the Chicago Daily News, starting in Paris at the beginning of World War I. He covered battles at Marne, France, and Louvain, [...]